Do you Import Olive or Almond trees, Lavender, Rosemary, Coffee, Nerium or Polygala plants?

New regulations on the importing of plants of

  • Coffea (coffee)
  • Polygala myrtifolia
  • Olea europaea (olive)
  • Prunus dulcis (almond)
  • Nerium oleander
  • Lavandula sp. (lavender)
  • Rosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)

New plant health import controls for Xylella fastidiosa came into force 21st April 2020

New national plant health import controls came into force on 21st April 2020 to combat risks from: Xylella fastidiosa; Agrilus planipennis (Emerald Ash Borer); Ceratocystis platani (Canker Stain of Plane); and Candidatus Phytoplasma ulmi (Elm Yellows). Further details of the new control measures for Xylella fastidiosa are summarised below.

For information on the new controls for Emerald Ash Borer, Canker Stain of Plane and Elm Yellows please visit the UK Plant Health Portal https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk

XYLELLA FASTIDIOSA

If you are intending to import high risk plants, you and your suppliers must meet the new legal requirements from 21st April 2020. Failure to do so could see the plants being returned, impounded or destroyed, together with other sanctions open to plant health authorities.

Under the new measures the import of plants, other than seeds or fruits, of Coffea (Coffee) and Polygala myrtifolia is prohibited, with stronger import requirements for plants, other than seeds or fruits, of other high-risk hosts - Olea europaea (Olive), Prunus dulcis (Almond), Nerium oleander, Lavandula sp. (Lavender) and Rosmarinus officinalis (Rosemary). These measures apply to imports from any third country and Member States of the EU-27.

Stronger import requirements for Lavandula sp. (Lavender), Nerium oleander, and Rosmarinus officinalis (Rosemary)

Plants, other than seeds, intended for planting, of Lavandula sp. (Lavender), Nerium oleander, and Rosmarinus officinalis (Rosemary) originating in any third country or the EU-27 must meet the following requirements:

The plants must be accompanied with an official statement showing that:

  • (a) Plants originate in a place of production included in a list of registered places of production provided by the relevant National Plant Protection Organisation (NPPO)/EU competent authority to the NPPO of the United Kingdom, this should include the business name and full address and
  • (b) Have been grown in a place of production which has been registered and supervised by the relevant NPPO for at least one year prior to export to the UK. Details of the place of production should be provided on the official statement and
  • (c) During at least one year immediately prior to export to the UK, the place of production, along with at least a 200m radius surrounding the place of production, is known to be free from Xylella fastidiosa on the basis of official inspections and, where appropriate, testing carried out at the appropriate times to detect Xylella fastidiosa and
  • (d) Relevant plants at the place of production have been subject to an annual official inspection at the appropriate times when symptoms are likely to be visible, with sampling and testing carried out on those plants for the presence of Xylella fastidiosa confirming the absence of Xylella fastidiosa, using a sampling scheme able to identify with 99% reliability the level of presence of infected plants of 5% and
  • (e) Prior to their movement out of the place of production and as close to that time as possible, the plants to be exported to the UK should be subject to an additional official visual inspection. Where symptoms giving rise to suspicion of the presence of Xylella fastidiosa are observed, the plants should be tested, for the presence of Xylella fastidiosa, confirming the absence of Xylella fastidiosa and
  • (f) If there is evidence of the presence of the vector of Xylella fastidiosa on the place of production chemical and cultural controls should be used to supress the population and
  • (g) i) In the case of areas where Xylella fastidiosa is known to occur, plants must also be grown throughout their life under complete physical protection, to exclude the entry of vector of Xylella fastidiosa and ii) appropriate hygiene measure should be used to ensure that Xylella fastidiosa is not transmitted by tools and equipment.

In the case of unrooted cuttings, the cuttings must have been derived from mother plants which meet the requirements in a to g (above).

Olea europaea (Olive) and Prunus dulcis (Almond)

Imports of plants (other than seeds and fruits) of Olea europaea (Olive) and Prunus dulcis (Almond) are permitted as a derogation from a total prohibition provided that the following measures have been applied, and documented, in the Country of Origin (any third country and Member States of the EU-27).

The plants must be accompanied with an official statement showing that:

  • Plants originate in a place of production which is included in a list of registered places of production provided by the relevant National Plant Protection Organisation (NPPO)/EU competent authority to the NPPO of the United Kingdom and
  • Have been grown in a place of production which has been registered and supervised by the relevant NPPO for at least one year prior to export to the UK. Details of the place of production should be provided on the official statement and
  • During at least one year immediately prior to export to the UK, the place of production is, along with at least a 200m radius surrounding the place of production, known to be free from Xylella fastidiosa on the basis of official inspections and where appropriate testing carried out at the appropriate times to detect Xylella fastidiosa and
  • Relevant plants at the place of production have been subject to an annual official inspection at the appropriate times when symptoms are likely to be visible, with sampling and testing carried out on those plants for the presence of Xylella fastidiosa confirming the absence of Xylella fastidiosa, using a sampling scheme able to identify with 99% reliability the level of presence of infected plants of 1% and
  • Prior to their movement out of the place of production and as close to that time as possible, plants to be exported to the UK should be subject to an additional official visual inspection and where symptoms giving rise to suspicion of the presence of Xylella fastidiosa are observed, these should be tested for the presence of Xylella fastidiosa, confirming the absence of Xylella fastidiosa and
  • In the case of areas where Xylella fastidiosa is known to occur, plants must also be grown under complete physical protection, for 4 years or in the case of plants younger than 4 years throughout their life, to exclude the entry of vector of Xylella fastidiosa and
  • Trees should be individually labelled with a tamper proof label or other secure seal that cannot be re-used, giving the detail of the exporting place of production, which is also indicated on the official statement.